Title: MINLP models for dimensional synthesis of planar four-bar linkages

Authors: Andrea Piga Carboni; Laio Oriel Seman; Eduardo Camponogara

Addresses: Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil ' Graduate Program in Applied Computer Science, Itajaí Valley University (UNIVALI), Itajaí, SC, Brazil ' Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil

Abstract: Most works on mechanism synthesis consider models that employ trigonometric functions and rely on derivative-free optimisation, such as bio-inspired and hybrid heuristics. Derivative-free strategies have the advantage of being applied directly to explore the design space. However, such strategies require tuning to achieve satisfactory results and do not provide certificates of solution quality. To this end, this work presents two alternative models: the first one consists of a trigonometric function-based model; while the second relies solely on natural coordinates, in which the nonlinear terms are bilinear. Both models result in mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) formulations. Mechanism constraints are conveniently expressed in this formulation, including Grashof's condition, prescribed timing, and increasing and decreasing angle sequence. In standard numerical cases of four-bar linkage path synthesis, global and local MINLP solvers yielded provably optimal designs in some cases and in others they outperformed works from the literature.

Keywords: dimensional synthesis; mathematical programming; mixed-integer nonlinear programming; MINLP; bilinear terms; four-bar linkage.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMMNO.2020.110706

International Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Optimisation, 2020 Vol.10 No.4, pp.399 - 423

Received: 10 Oct 2019
Accepted: 08 Mar 2020

Published online: 28 Oct 2020 *

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