Title: Are chaebol firms ethical?
Authors: Soonwook Hong
Addresses: Department of Taxation, Konyang University, Nonsan, Chungnam, 32992, South Korea
Abstract: The present study investigates the ethics of chaebol firms. The ethics includes both external ethics and internal ethics. The ethics of chaebol firms is tested using corporate social responsibility (CSR), which represents corporate external ethics, and earnings management, which represents corporate internal ethics. The empirical result shows that chaebol firms conduct less accrual earnings management, while conducting more real earnings management. Chaebol firms are found to be active in CSR activities. That is, chaebol firms seem to be ethical externally, but unethical internally. In addition, those chaebol firms that diligently conduct CSR activities are shown to conduct less accrual and real earnings management. Although chaebol firms are unethical internally, active CSR activities are judged to reduce the internal unethicality of chaebol firms. The present study is meaningful in that it analyses the ethics of chaebol firms, which occupy a considerable proportion in South Korean economy, from various angles.
Keywords: chaebol; business ethics; CSR; corporate social responsibility; accrual earnings management; real earnings management; external ethics; internal ethics; South Korea.
International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2020 Vol.20 No.3, pp.322 - 347
Received: 08 Jan 2020
Accepted: 05 May 2020
Published online: 05 Oct 2020 *