Title: Energy-saving technology contributions for emission reduction under the current climate change prospects, Ethiopia

Authors: Solomon Addisu; Ashebir Alemie

Addresses: College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, P.O. Box 5501, Ethiopia ' Amhara Region Wildlife, Forest, Environment and Climate Change Bureau, Bahir Dar City Administration, Ethiopia

Abstract: The heavy reliance on biomass energy has become a major cause of land resources degradation and greenhouse gases emissions. This research was conducted by aiming to assess the contribution of energy-saving technology for the reduction of greenhouse gas emission. Data have been collected using systematic random sampling technique and quantified using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change carbon emission quantifying procedures. Accordingly, the technology has been used due to its conformability to use and its fuelwood demand reduction. The total carbon emitted from cow dung (5,051.87 tons), fuel wood (1,327.10 tons) and charcoal (10,041.89 tons) could potentially be minimized by energy-saving technologies. Standard fuel-saving stoves could potentially reduce fuel wood consumption by 50%; while mirt stove is up to 23% energy efficient, has 50% fuelwood saving potential and 663.52 tons of carbon could be reduced. To conclude, using efficient energy-saving technologies in a household has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Keywords: greenhouse gas emission; energy saving technology; fuel-efficient stoves; biogas; solar lanterns; climate change; variability; Ethiopia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEWM.2020.110395

International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2020 Vol.26 No.4, pp.458 - 470

Received: 25 Dec 2018
Accepted: 04 Jun 2019

Published online: 30 Apr 2020 *

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