Title: Smart city in Europe: comparative analysis between Italy and Germany development

Authors: Gabriella Arcese; Louisa Schabel; Grazia Chiara Elmo; Mario Risso

Addresses: School of Economics, Niccolò Cusano University, Via Don Carlo Gnocchi, Rome 6-00166, Italy ' Niccolò Cusano University, Via Don Carlo Gnocchi, Rome 6-00166, Italy ' School of Economics, Niccolò Cusano University, Via Don Carlo Gnocchi, Rome 6-00166, Italy ' School of Economics, Niccolò Cusano University, Via Don Carlo Gnocchi, Rome 6-00166, Italy

Abstract: The upward trend of urbanisation characterised by a rapidly growing number of city dwellers and an increasing population density is exacerbating sustainability issues such as air and water pollution, insufficient public waste management and relying on non-renewable energies, but also issues affecting the quality of citizens' life such as congestion, inadequate development of public transport systems and the lack of digitalisation of public services. The state-of-art of the smart city understanding and term definition stated by authors at different development stages of the smart city paradigm as well as a critical reflection of the approach of the smart city idea as an urban growth model is presented. A smart city multi-dimensional framework based on an input-process-output-impact model was chosen as a methodological approach to analyse the smart city best practices of Italian and German pioneering cities in the core dimensions of technology, community and policy.

Keywords: smart city model; sustainability; European environmental policy; technology management; urban metabolism.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEPDM.2019.110329

International Journal of Environmental Policy and Decision Making, 2019 Vol.2 No.4, pp.330 - 359

Received: 04 Apr 2020
Accepted: 07 Jul 2020

Published online: 30 Sep 2020 *

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