Title: Drivetrain modelling and parameter calculation for an electric bus with fixed or 2-speed gearbox

Authors: Martin Novak; Jaroslav Novak; Josef Morkus; Lubomir Musalek; Oleg Sivkov

Addresses: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 4, 166 00, Prague, Czech Republic ORCID: 0000-0002-2046-8765 ' Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 4, 166 00, Prague, Czech Republic ORCID: 0000-0002-2046-8765 ' Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Vehicle Centre of Sustainable Mobility, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 4, 166 00, Prague, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 4, 166 00, Prague, Czech Republic ' Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 4, 166 00, Prague, Czech Republic

Abstract: This paper presents drivetrain calculations for an electric bus. Parameters of motor, gears and motor efficiency map are used. The goal is to select the suitable motor and gearbox. Driving cycle SORT2 and real life driving cycles measured on bus lines are used. Based on the bus manufacturer assignment, only permanent magnet synchronous machines are considered. The motor output power is considered in the range of 120-160 kW. The selection of axle gear ratios was limited to 6.19, 6.5 and 7.35, as those are readily available. The gearbox was either a fixed one, with gear ratio of 1.8, or a 2-speed gearbox with a gear ratio of 1 and 1.8. The calculations have shown, that a 2-speed gearbox can decrease the energy consumption. The improvement is in the range of 1-3% dependent on the motor option and driving cycle.

Keywords: electric vehicles; motor drives; permanent magnet motors; torque control; variable speed drives.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2020.110088

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 2020 Vol.12 No.3, pp.229 - 252

Received: 05 Dec 2019
Accepted: 23 Jan 2020

Published online: 25 Sep 2020 *

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