Title: A review of hardware platforms for wireless ad hoc mobile/sensor networks

Authors: Mousami Vanjale; Shilpa P. Gaikwad; J.S. Chitode

Addresses: Department of Electronics, BV (DU) College of Engineering, Pune, India; Department of E & TC Engineering, AISSMS's Institute of Information Technology, 1, Kennedy Road, near RTO, Pune – 411001, Maharashtra, India ' Department of Electronics, BV (DU) College of Engineering, Dhanakwadi-Katraj, Pune – 411043, Maharashtra, India ' Department of Electronics, BV (DU) College of Engineering, Dhanakwadi-Katraj, Pune – 411043, Maharashtra, India

Abstract: Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a self-organised wireless communication network (WCN) without any fixed infrastructure. The nodes in MANET are small, battery operated and autonomous. They can sense, process and communicate wirelessly. The applications of MANETs include battle field communication, rescue operations, and information exchange at conference or classroom. Ease of deployment without any need of physical infrastructure makes MANETs a popular choice for WCN. Constraints like limited battery power, lack of centralised control, need of specialised routing protocols, etc. impose research challenges on large physical deployment of MANETs. Tools such as simulation, emulation and real world implementation, help in finding solutions to face these challenges. Selection of appropriate tool often consumes a lot of time. This paper contributes a detailed review of various hardware platforms with their attributes and applications. This will help the researchers to select an appropriate hardware platform for their intended application.

Keywords: review; hardware platforms; wireless ad hoc network; sensor network; mobile ad hoc network; MANET; physical deployment; real world implementation; IEEE 802.15.4; ZigBee; sensor/s.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSCC.2020.109074

International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications, 2020 Vol.11 No.3, pp.272 - 287

Accepted: 17 Jul 2019
Published online: 13 Aug 2020 *

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