Title: An effective user clustering-based collaborative filtering recommender system with grey wolf optimisation

Authors: N. Sivaramakrishnan; V. Subramaniyaswamy; Logesh Ravi; V. Vijayakumar; Xiao-Zhi Gao; S.L. Rakshana Sri

Addresses: School of Computing, SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur, India ' School of Computing, SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur, India ' Sri Ramachandra Faculty of Engineering and Technology, SRIHER-SUNY Center for Health Systems and Medical Engineering, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, India ' School of Computer Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia ' School of Computing, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland ' School of Computing, SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur, India

Abstract: The enormous amount of data available today often makes it difficult for users to make decisions. Recommendation systems have become increasingly popular and mainly used in e-commerce to helping predict user preference towards particular items. The proposed system performs user cluster-based collaborative filtering for venue recommendations in which clusters are formed using a bio-inspired grey wolf optimisation algorithm. Clustering is used to eliminate the disadvantages of collaborative filtering regarding scalability, sparsity, and accuracy. In addition, we have used two similarity computation methods, namely the Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) and cosine similarity to find the similarities between the set of users. The proposed recommendation system with the bio-inspired grey wolf optimisation algorithm has been evaluated on real-world massive volume datasets of Yelp and Trip Advisor for finding out the accuracy, precision, recall, and f-measure. We have also modelled and validated new mobile-based recommendation application frameworks for the development of urban venue recommendations in smart cities. The experimental and evaluation results demonstrate the usefulness of the newly generated recommendations and exhibit user satisfaction with the proposed recommendation technique.

Keywords: recommender system; grey wolf optimisation; GWO; user clustering; venue recommendation; similarity; collaborative filtering.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIC.2020.108999

International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation, 2020 Vol.16 No.1, pp.44 - 55

Accepted: 26 Jan 2020
Published online: 07 Aug 2020 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article