Title: An overview of food supply chain virtualisation and granular traceability using blockchain technology

Authors: Jitendra Yadav; Madhvendra Misra; Sam Goundar

Addresses: Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, India ' Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, India ' School of Computing, Information and Mathematical Sciences, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji

Abstract: The integration of sensors and internet to the supply chain has created a new window in the supply chain management called as virtual supply chain which bears the features such as real-time tracking and monitoring of goods flow in the physical supply chain. The food supply chain is one of the delicate supply chains due to perishability, which can be due to various physical and biological factors, also the stringent safety and sustainability requirements of the product. The use of sensors and IT technology enables real-time data collection of the changes that take place in the food supply chain. The paper presents the integration of blockchain to the current virtual supply chain thus eliminating or changing the roles of intermediaries in the virtual supply chain and facilitating transparency, integrity, and authenticity of the data in the food supply chain.

Keywords: blockchain; food supply chain; virtual supply chain; sensor; sustainability.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBC.2020.108997

International Journal of Blockchains and Cryptocurrencies, 2020 Vol.1 No.2, pp.154 - 178

Received: 16 May 2019
Accepted: 24 Oct 2019

Published online: 07 Aug 2020 *

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