Authors: Yen-Lien Kuo; Tzu-Hsiu Huang
Addresses: Department of Economics, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Rd., Tainan City, Taiwan ' Department of Economics, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Rd., Tainan City, Taiwan
Abstract: This paper investigates the relationships between working hours, changes in time spent on leisure and sports activities, perceived health status, and individual life satisfaction. Data from the 2013 Taiwan Social Change Survey is employed in this study. The results show that more working hours significantly lower life satisfaction. Increasing leisure time can significantly improve subjective health, and better subjective health can significantly enhance life satisfaction. Furthermore, subjective health partially mediates the effect of leisure time on life satisfaction. However, the mediating effect does not exist for full-time employees although increasing leisure time can still improve life satisfaction. The reason for this could be that the subjective health of full-time employees is already better than that of those not working full-time. Initiatives leading to reduced working hours and increases in leisure time may increase life satisfaction and may result in reductions in medical expenses.
Keywords: working hours; leisure time; subjective health; life satisfaction; mediating effect; full-time employee; ordered Probit.
International Journal of Happiness and Development, 2020 Vol.6 No.1, pp.26 - 40
Received: 04 Mar 2019
Accepted: 23 Sep 2019
Published online: 21 Jul 2020 *