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Title: The socio-genesis of a guild of 'digital technologies' justifying transnational interoperable databases in the name of security and border purposes: a reframing of the field of security professionals?

Authors: Didier Bigo

Addresses: International Political Sociology, Sciences-Po Paris-CERI, 27 rue saint guillaume 75007 Paris, France; King's College London, Strand building WC2 London, UK

Abstract: Smart borders, intelligent systems of filtering travellers by detecting suspects of crime and terrorism through interoperable national databases and regional agreements are proliferating. In the European Union, it began with the Schengen Information System. SIS-VIS-EURODAC, EES, ETIAS, ECRIS are acronyms for different realisations and projects of entry and exit systems, of pre-frontiers zone, of policy checks regarding police, immigration and asylum, tracing people and scoring the degree to which they can be suspected to be illegal or criminal. Security stakes have been technologised. This is a profound reconfiguration of the different regional fields of security professionals with the emergence of a transnational guild regrouping data analysts, civil engineers on IT systems and border controls, changing de facto who is deciding the limits between security and insecurity, risk and fate. This importance of the online - virtual regarding the offline - actual is affecting freedom and criminal justice.

Keywords: security; securitisation; information technology; smart borders; border controls; policing; interoperability; IT systems; transnational guild; international political sociology; Bourdieu.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMBS.2020.108689

International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 2020 Vol.6 No.1/2, pp.74 - 92

Received: 06 Mar 2019
Accepted: 08 Oct 2019

Published online: 14 Jul 2020 *

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