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Title: The interoperability controversy or how to fail successfully: lessons from Europe

Authors: Didier Bigo; Lina Ewert; Elif Mendos Kuşkonmaz

Addresses: Sociology/Sciences Po Paris, 27 Rue Saint Guillaume, 75007 Paris, France ' Berlin Social Science Centre (WZB), Reichpietschufer 50, 10785 Berlin, Germany ' School of Law, University of Portsmouth, Richmond Building, Portland Street, PO1 3DE, Portsmouth, UK

Abstract: This article aims to discuss the interoperability controversy in the EU that followed the 2015 Paris attacks. Supported by visual methods, it analyses the historical developments of the databases that aim at facilitating migration and crime control in the area of Justice and Home Affairs (JHA). In so doing, it seeks to trace the paradox on freedom, technology, and surveillance since the Schengen area was established in the '90s, whereby the discourse on the freedom of movement (both as the rights of citizens and migrants crossing borders) has been reframed by the security reasoning using technological solutions. It critiques the technical framework within which the interoperability plans have been framed.

Keywords: interoperability; freedom of movement; borders; (in)security; surveillance; Schengen; integrated data management; ECRIS-TCN; PNR; eu-LISA; Europe.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMBS.2020.10029766

International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 2020 Vol.6 No.1/2, pp.93 - 114

Received: 21 Mar 2019
Accepted: 30 Sep 2019

Published online: 24 Jul 2020 *

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