Title: Investigating the effects of gemstone mining on the environs: a case study of Komu in Southwestern Nigeria
Authors: Moshood Onifade; Adeyemi Emman Aladejare; Q. Bayo Adewumi
Addresses: Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam ' Oulu Mining School, University of Oulu, Pentti Kaiteran katu 1, 90014 Oulu, Finland ' Department of Mining Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria
Abstract: This research examined the effects of gemstone mining by investigating soil and water samples collected from different locations of a mining community in Nigeria taking into consideration the concentration of heavy metals and micronutrients, physiochemical parameters and cation exchange capacity present in the samples. The concentrations of heavy metals (lead, copper, cadmium, zinc and iron), micro nutrients (sodium, magnesium and aluminium) and physiochemical parameters (pH, hardness, chloride, alkalinity, total solids, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, sodium and potassium) obtained from the sample locations varies from one location to another. When the results of soil and water analysis were compared with WHO standards, concentrations of most of the parameters analysed were lesser than the WHO acceptable limit. However, the concentrations of cadmium and iron in the soil samples are higher than the WHO permissible limit in soil which implies that the soil is toxic and not good for agriculture purposes.
Keywords: gemstone mining; environment; pollution; WHO standards; soil analysis; water analysis.
International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2020 Vol.11 No.2, pp.85 - 101
Received: 28 Feb 2019
Accepted: 18 Aug 2019
Published online: 16 Jul 2020 *