Title: A modelling approach to assess technology effect on wheat farms performance in semi-arid areas

Authors: Hayat Lionboui; Fouad Elame; Abdelghani Boudhar; Rachid Hadria; Brahim El Boukari; Tarik Benabdelouahab

Addresses: National Institute of Agricultural Research, INRA, CRRA-Tadla, Morocco ' National Institute of Agricultural Research, INRA, CRRA-Agadir, Morocco ' Faculty of Science and Technology, Sultan Moulay Slimane University, Beni Mellal, Morocco ' National Institute of Agricultural Research, INRA, Morocco ' Higher School of Technology, Beni Mellal, Morocco ' National Institute of Agricultural Research, INRA, Morocco

Abstract: In order to improve socio-economic conditions in rural areas, the purpose of this study is to develop models for estimating wheat yield based on the use of agricultural inputs. The emphasis is not only on increasing production, but on economically efficient production that optimises productive resources. Thereby, a cost efficiency analysis for wheat producers was conducted based on a sample of 111 farmers in the Tadla Plain in central Morocco. To achieve this objective, two models devoted to wheat yield estimation in terms of costs and quantities of agricultural inputs were developed, based on stepwise regression approach. Furthermore, data envelopment analysis (DEA) method was used to analyse the cost efficiency of farms. Overall, this work separates the excess costs related to technical efficiency and economies of scale to cost efficiency in order to understand the type of actions that farmers can take to reduce production costs and ensure their resilience.

Keywords: wheat farm; yield model; data envelopment analysis; DEA; cost efficiency; performance; profitability; Morocco.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPQM.2020.108575

International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, 2020 Vol.30 No.4, pp.561 - 577

Received: 24 Apr 2019
Accepted: 24 May 2019

Published online: 15 Jul 2020 *

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