Title: Life cycle assessment study for different options of sustainable mobility, including vehicle conversion

Authors: Gianfranco Rizzo; Francesco Antonio Tiano

Addresses: Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Fisciano, SA, Italy ' Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Fisciano, SA, Italy

Abstract: The diffusion of electric and hybrid electric vehicles is accounted to be the most feasible solution for the mitigation of world energy consumption and environmental protection. However, massive electrification is not behind the corner due to the need of charging infrastructure, the increase of renewable energy production and the scrapping of the circulating fleets. In this study a life cycle assessment approach is proposed to address the issue of sustainable mobility. By using the GREET model software, the analysis shows that a sustainable option for reducing total energy consumption, greenhouse gases and pollutant emissions is the conversion of existing vehicles into electric car or into hybrid solar vehicle. Conversion of vehicles should be addressed by institutions in order to enact rules and directives for a more conscious choice in terms of sustainable mobility.

Keywords: hybrid electric vehicles; HEVs; electric vehicles; life cycle assessment; LCA; automotive; greenhouse gases; GHGs; energy consumption; solar vehicles.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPT.2020.108431

International Journal of Powertrains, 2020 Vol.9 No.1/2, pp.122 - 149

Received: 07 Apr 2019
Accepted: 23 Dec 2019

Published online: 13 Jul 2020 *

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