Title: Design and development of green energy conversion system using waste water and organic kitchen wastes

Authors: K.S. Anand Kumar; R.K. Saket; R. Rajendran; Saeid Eslamian

Addresses: Electrical Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi (UP), India; Electrical Division, CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, India ' Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India ' Propulsion Division, CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore-560017, India ' Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 8415683111, Iran

Abstract: The design aspects and operational methodologies of a prototype microbial fuel cell and kitchen wastes based GECS are presented in this paper. The objective of this innovative research work is to provide an engineering solution for power generation from kitchen water, organic and agricultural wastes in green and biocompatible manners. The aluminium and copper foil sheets as cathode and an anode respectively are used as an electrode in the developed GECS. The comprehensive experiments have been performed using different bio-fuels from kitchen waste samples in bio-electric sandwich GECS chamber. The design and working aspects of GECS under anaerobic and aerobic conditions are described and discussed in this paper. The sandwich design of developed GECS comprises a bottom chamber and bio-fuel disposal chamber with 24 cassettes array. The output terminals of the 24 cassettes array arrangement produce 6 to 12 volts and exhaust byproduct as the liquid bio-fertilisers.

Keywords: bio-electricity; sandwich design; green energy conversion system; GECS; microbial fuel cell; MFC; liquid bio-fertiliser; sustainable energy source.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHST.2020.108292

International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 2020 Vol.10 No.4, pp.315 - 333

Received: 01 Mar 2019
Accepted: 05 Apr 2019

Published online: 08 Jul 2020 *

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