Title: The emergence of intelligent transportation systems from a continental and technological perspective

Authors: Ilja Bäumler; Herbert Kotzab

Addresses: Universität Bremen, Bremen, Germany ' Universität Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

Abstract: This article explores the intertwined nature of technologies and the progress of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) research programs/initiatives in North America and in the European Countries. The first ideas for the intelligent use of existing infrastructure for road traffic were developed in the USA in the late 1960s, whereas the first ITS-related technologies were researched in the early 1960s (sensor technology). Strengthened by international networking and competitive thinking, first enormous efforts in ITS research were conducted in the late 1980s.

Keywords: ITS; intelligent transportation system; history; technology development.

DOI: 10.1504/WRITR.2020.108220

World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research, 2020 Vol.9 No.3, pp.199 - 216

Received: 17 Apr 2019
Accepted: 23 Sep 2019

Published online: 16 May 2020 *

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