Title: Assessment of heavy metals in simulated leachates and the ashes of end-of-life tyres

Authors: Adebola A. Adeyi; Peter O. Oladoye

Addresses: Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria ' Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Abstract: Tyres are rubber-based materials with a complex structure. This study assesses the levels of heavy metals in simulated leachate of end-of-life tyres (EoLT) and its ashes. Two passenger car and motorbike tyres and their ashes were subjected to TCLP, SPLP and DIN Batch test to simulate their environmental impacts. Heavy metals in the simulated leachates and ashes were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) after acid digestion of the samples. Heavy metals concentrations varied with the types and quality of the tyres. Zinc concentrations was the highest among the heavy metals determined. The concentrations of heavy metals in the TCLP leachates of EoLT ranged from 0.02-0.06 mg/L Cu, 3.13-5.86 mg/L Zn, 0.004-0.03 mg/L Cd, Not detected (ND)-0.04 mg/L Cr, and 0.08-0.13 mg/L Pb. This showed that EoLT are potential source of heavy metals loading in the environment. Thus, the need for their appropriate management is imperative.

Keywords: end-of-life tyres; environmental pollution; simulated leachate; ash; heavy metals; assessment; TCLP; SPLP; DIN batch leachate; MSW; co-disposal; stock pilling; waste management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEWM.2020.107566

International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2020 Vol.25 No.4, pp.474 - 486

Accepted: 03 Jan 2019
Published online: 23 Mar 2020 *

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