Title: Effect of sintering temperature and piezoelectric coefficient (d33) enhancement on rice husk silica ceramics with BaTiO3 addition

Authors: Rosiah Osman; Nor Hapishah Abdullah; Mohd. Nizar Hamidon; Khamirul Amin Matori; Juraina Md Yusof; Intan Helina Hasan

Addresses: Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract: Piezoelectric coefficient (d33) indicates the potential of a material to have piezoelectric properties. Once the piezoelectric properties of a material have been known, the application of that material will be easily determined. In this paper, study on piezoelectric coefficient for silica ceramic samples derived from rice husk ash (RHA) sintered at 1000°C, 1100°C and 1200°C temperatures has been carried out. BaTiO3 was added to enhance the piezoelectric d33 values in the rice husk. Characterisation of piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of pure rice husk ash, rice husk samples with 5 wt% and 10wt% BaTiO3 addition is discussed. The value of d33 increases with increasing percentage of BaTiO3 addition.

Keywords: rice husk ash silica; sintering temperature; cristobalite; piezoelectric coefficient; barium titanate; crystalline; grain size; silica ceramics.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2019.107363

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2019 Vol.16 No.11/12, pp.706 - 714

Published online: 09 May 2020 *

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