Title: Hierarchical routing protocol in wireless sensor network: a state-of-the-art review

Authors: Weidong Fang; Wuxiong Zhang; Lianhai Shan; Biruk Assefa; Wei Chen

Addresses: Key Laboratory of Wireless Sensor Network and Communication, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201899, China; Shanghai Research Center for Wireless Communication, Shanghai 201210, China; State Key Laboratory of Synthetical Automation for Process Industries, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China ' Key Laboratory of Wireless Sensor Network and Communication, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201899, China; Shanghai Research Center for Wireless Communication, Shanghai 201210, China; State Key Laboratory of Synthetical Automation for Process Industries, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China ' Key Laboratory of Wireless Sensor Network and Communication, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201899, China ' Infromation Communication Technology Department, Wollo University, Dessie Ethiopia, P.O. Box 1145, Ethiopia ' School of Computer Science and Technology, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, China

Abstract: The hierarchical routing protocol in the wireless sensor network (WSN) is widely applied because of its good network stability and effective communication capability. Its cluster structure and the integration process of the data have a satisfactory performance in energy consumption and data transmission. To guide the design of hierarchical routing protocol, in this paper, we review the current research on these protocols, some typical technical characteristics such as the cluster head selection, clustering, and data routing are analysed, and a suggestion on the direction of the hierarchical routing protocol research is given. The work of this paper will be beneficial to the research, design, and optimisation of the hierarchical routing protocol.

Keywords: wireless sensor network; hierarchical routing protocols; LEACH; PEGASIS; TEEN.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCSE.2020.107260

International Journal of Computational Science and Engineering, 2020 Vol.22 No.1, pp.107 - 113

Received: 19 Apr 2019
Accepted: 02 Jun 2019

Published online: 04 May 2020 *

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