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Title: Assessing the performance of different TCP congestion mechanisms in underwater wireless sensor networks

Authors: Hajar Bennouri; Amine A. Berqia

Addresses: Smart Systems Laboratory (SSL), ENSIAS, Rabat IT Centre, Mohammed V University of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco ' Smart Systems Laboratory (SSL), ENSIAS, Rabat IT Centre, Mohammed V University of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco

Abstract: Data transmission in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) is one of the key enablers used in technologies for future ocean-monitoring systems and other underwater applications. The use of acoustic waves in UWSNs suffer from a high propagation delay, as well as a limited available bandwidth due to the high-noise level, making the use of the different traditional existing protocols a major challenge in this environment. In this paper, we have chosen two TCP mechanisms already defined: TCP Vegas and TCP New Reno, to evaluate the effects of variable TCP packet size and TCP connection density in a subsea network under two common routing protocols, namely AODV and DSDV. The simulation results show that the performances of the two TCPs using DSDV routing protocol provide a more efficient result than those using the AODV routing protocol and that New Reno TCP gives better results than Vegas TCP in the UWSNs.

Keywords: underwater wireless sensor networks; TCP; TCP Vegas; TCP New Reno; AODV; DSDV.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVICS.2020.107190

International Journal of Vehicle Information and Communication Systems, 2020 Vol.5 No.1, pp.119 - 136

Received: 15 Aug 2018
Accepted: 09 Sep 2019

Published online: 04 May 2020 *

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