Title: Human or machine driving? Comparing autonomous with traditional vehicles value curves and motives to use a car

Authors: Fabio Antonialli; Bruna Habib Cavazza; Rodrigo Marçal Gandia; Isabelle Nicolaï; Arthur De Miranda Neto; Joel Yutaka Sugano; André Luiz Zambalde

Addresses: Laboratório de Mobilidade Terrestre, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brazil; Laboratorie Génie Industriel, Centrale Supélec / Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, Metz, Rennes, France ' Laboratório de Mobilidade Terrestre, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brazil ' Laboratório de Mobilidade Terrestre, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brazil; Laboratorie Génie Industriel, Centrale Supélec / Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, Metz, Rennes, France ' Laboratorie Génie Industriel, Centrale Supélec / Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, Metz, Rennes, France ' Laboratório de Mobilidade Terrestre, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brazil ' Laboratório de Mobilidade Terrestre, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brazil ' Laboratório de Mobilidade Terrestre, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brazil

Abstract: This study aims at drawing new value curves for Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) over Traditional Vehicles when considering AVs as a Product-Service System (PSS) as well as discussing the main reasons to use an AV over a traditional car. Data were collected based on secondary (academic and grey literature) and validated with AVs experts on France, Belgium, and Brazil. The results show the arrival of AVs would include different ownership forms; free time for users (no driving required); 'infotainment'; social integration of elders and handicapped people. We realise that AVs have in their business model several attributes that fit them into a new market perspective compared to the current mobility scenario. Also, we observed that as automation levels increase, machine driving components of the vehicle also increase. As conclusions, the reasons to use a car are likely to change with a decrease in symbolic and affective attributes and increase instrumental ones.

Keywords: autonomous vehicles; automated driving systems; value curve; four action framework; car-use motives.

DOI: 10.1504/WRITR.2020.106918

World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research, 2020 Vol.9 No.2, pp.137 - 156

Received: 08 Apr 2019
Accepted: 21 Sep 2019

Published online: 14 Apr 2020 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article