Title: A benchmarking framework using nonlinear manifold detection techniques for software defect prediction

Authors: Soumi Ghosh; Ajay Rana; Vineet Kansal

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract: Prediction of software defects in time improves quality and helps in locating the defect-prone areas accurately. Although earlier considerable methods were applied, actually none of those measures was found to be fool-proof and accurate. Hence, a newer framework includes nonlinear manifold detection model, and its algorithm originated for defect prediction using different techniques of nonlinear manifold detection (nonlinear MDs) along with 14 different machine learning techniques (MLTs) on eight defective software datasets. A critical analysis cum exhaustive comparative estimation revealed that nonlinear manifold detection model has a more accurate and effective impact on defect prediction as compared to feature selection techniques. The outcome of the experiment was statistically tested by Friedman and post hoc analysis using Nemenyi test, which validates that hidden Markov model (HMM) along with nonlinear manifold detection model outperforms and is significantly different from MLTs.

Keywords: dimensionality reduction; feature selection; Friedman test; machine learning; Nemenyi test; nonlinear manifold detection; software defect prediction; post hoc analysis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCSE.2020.10028623

International Journal of Computational Science and Engineering, 2020 Vol.21 No.4, pp.593 - 614

Received: 26 Jul 2018
Accepted: 10 Apr 2019

Published online: 24 Apr 2020 *

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