Title: Mutual-inclusive learning-based multi-swarm PSO algorithm for image segmentation using an innovative objective function

Authors: Rupak Chakraborty; Rama Sushil; Madan L. Garg

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bennett University, Greater Noida, UP, India ' Department of Information Technology, DIT University, Dehradun, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, DIT University, Dehradun, India

Abstract: This paper presents a novel image segmentation algorithm formed by the normalised index value (Niv) and probability (Pr) of pixel intensities. To reduce the computational complexity, a mutual-inclusive learning-based optimisation strategy, named mutual-inclusive multi-swarm particle swarm optimisation (MIMPSO) is also proposed. In mutual learning, a high dimensional problem of particle swarm optimisation (PSO) is divided into several one-dimensional problems to get rid of the 'high dimensionality' problem whereas premature convergence is removed by the inclusive-learning approach. The proposed Niv and Pr-based technique with the MIMPSO algorithm is applied on the Berkley Dataset (BSDS300) images which produce better optimal thresholds at a faster convergence rate with high functional values as compared to the considered optimisation techniques like PSO, genetic algorithm (GA) and artificial bee colony (ABC). The overall performance in terms of the fidelity parameters of the proposed algorithm is carried out over the other stated global optimisers.

Keywords: multilevel thresholding; normalised index value; probability; multi-swarm PSO.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCSE.2020.10024788

International Journal of Computational Science and Engineering, 2020 Vol.21 No.4, pp.483 - 494

Received: 26 Sep 2018
Accepted: 18 Mar 2019

Published online: 24 Apr 2020 *

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