Title: Energy efficient routing protocol for wireless sensor networks using dynamic hyper round policy and ACO

Authors: Navin G. Haswani; Pramod J. Deore

Addresses: Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, R.C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, MS, India ' Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, R.C. Patel Institute of Technology, Shirpur, MS, India

Abstract: The clustering based routing protocols enhance the performance and scalability of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). State-of-art routing methods perform clustering and cluster head (CH) based on the scheme of fixed time intervals. Repetitive task of the cluster formation and CH selection at each time interval, regardless of its necessity, leads to routing overhead and consumption of network energy. Along with clustering, efficient route formation is a challenge to WSN routing protocols. In this paper, an attempt is made to overcome these challenges based on dynamic hyper round policy and route optimisation strategy. The selection of CH and cluster formation is mainly performed using three key parameters such as density, distance from base station and residual energy. After the cluster formation, route formation is performed using ant colony optimisation (ACO). The simulation results reveal that the proposed routing protocol shows improved performance in terms of energy efficiency and quality of service.

Keywords: clustering; dynamic scheduling; energy-efficient routing; network lifetime; wireless sensor network; WSN; ant colony optimisation; ACO; routing protocol; CH selection; dynamic hyper round policy; multi-hop.

DOI: 10.1504/IJISDC.2019.105804

International Journal of Intelligent Systems Design and Computing, 2019 Vol.3 No.1, pp.64 - 83

Received: 02 Aug 2019
Accepted: 16 Dec 2019

Published online: 05 Mar 2020 *

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