Authors: Achille Augustin Diendéré
Addresses: Department of Economics and Management, University Ouaga II, 12 BP 417 Ouaga 12, Burkina Faso
Abstract: This study aims to quantitatively examine the economic dependence of rural households on riparian zones. Data were collected from 536 households across 8 villages in the Dissin area, Burkina Faso. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data collected, while ordinary least squares analytical procedure was used to determine the parameter estimates of riparian income and economic dependence. The economic dependence of both very-low and high-income households is relatively low at 35.53% and 26.39%, respectively. Low-income and middle-income households have higher economic dependencies of 67.21% and 65.73%, respectively. In addition, the factors that contribute to the economic dependence are related to sex, the proximity of the riparian zone, the occurrence of negative idiosyncratic shocks, and the increased importance of other sources of income. In addition, when the riparian income is excluded, the Gini coefficient increases from 0.35 to 0.56, and the incidence of poverty increases from 40.2% to 75.4%.
Keywords: economic dependence; determinant of riparian income; rural households; poverty; income inequality; Burkina Faso.
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, 2020 Vol.7 No.3, pp.217 - 235
Received: 05 Dec 2018
Accepted: 16 Feb 2019
Published online: 09 Mar 2020 *