Title: The triple helix approach in the defence industry: a case study at the Brazilian Army

Authors: Ligia L. Fernandes; Giselle F. Rosa; Leonardo O. De Araújo; José L. Andrade Júnior

Addresses: Technological Management and Innovation Agency, Brazilian Army, Av. das Americas, 28.705 – Guaratiba, 23020-470, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ' Technological Management and Innovation Agency, Brazilian Army, Av. das Americas, 28.705 – Guaratiba, 23020-470, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ' Technological Management and Innovation Agency, Brazilian Army, Av. das Americas, 28.705 – Guaratiba, 23020-470, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ' Technological Management and Innovation Agency, Brazilian Army, Av. das Americas, 28.705 – Guaratiba, 23020-470, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Abstract: As in many other industries, technological innovation plays an important role in the economic development of the defence industry. In recent years, the Brazilian Army has adopted the triple helix model and open innovation as cooperation models in research in order to generate innovation, involving the army research efforts, the defence industry and academia. Inspired on a Swedish model, one of the most recent army's initiatives to stimulate innovation was the creation of an open innovation arena in order to encourage joint open innovation projects in the area of intelligent energy conversion devices and energy storage, involving academia and industry actors. In this article, the concept of this pilot initiative and its first results are described. With the Arenas the army intends to induce the creation of a sustainable defence industry with companies based on dual use technologies in order to achieve strategic and economic goals.

Keywords: triple helix; Brazilian Army; open innovation; open arena; technological innovation; innovation ecosystem; defence industry; dual-use technology; technology spillover; Sweden.

DOI: 10.1504/WRSTSD.2020.105584

World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 2020 Vol.16 No.1, pp.22 - 43

Received: 30 Apr 2018
Accepted: 08 Apr 2019

Published online: 28 Feb 2020 *

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