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Title: An easy-to-use computer program for standardisation methods of population morbidity data

Authors: Suan Mei Ong; Wan Nor Arifin; Najib Majdi Yaacob; Nyi Nyi Naing

Addresses: Unit of Biostatistics and Research Methodology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia ' Unit of Biostatistics and Research Methodology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia ' Unit of Biostatistics and Research Methodology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia ' Institute for Community (Health) Development (i-CODE), Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Block E, Level 1, Gong Badak Campus, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

Abstract: Standardisation is an essential procedure to eliminate the effect of confounding when comparisons between populations are carried out, where a standard population is used as a reference. There are two methods of standardisation, i.e., direct and indirect standardisation. Standardisation is commonly used in epidemiology studies especially when the morbidity or/and mortality rates of a disease are studied. A computer program (StdAn) which aims to simplify the process of standardisation of population morbidity data was developed with Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 Express software, using C++/CLI (C++ on common language infrastructure) as the programming language. StdAn program provides a graphically easy-to-use interface for the implementation of standardisation analysis. It is simple, practical and easy to interpret.

Keywords: standardisation analysis; direct standardisation; indirect standardisation; standardised morbidity rate; computer program.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCSM.2020.105451

International Journal of Computing Science and Mathematics, 2020 Vol.11 No.1, pp.40 - 53

Accepted: 25 Sep 2017
Published online: 27 Feb 2020 *

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