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Title: Evolution of inbound openness profiles in the innovation practices of small and medium-sized enterprises in Spain and Portugal

Authors: Franciane Hochleitner; Anna Arbussà; Germà Coenders

Addresses: Department of Economics, Faculty Building of Economics and Management, University of Girona, C. Universitat 10, 17003 Girona, Spain ' Department of Business Administration, Management and Product Design, Faculty Building of Economics and Management, University of Girona, C. Universitat 10, 17003 Girona, Spain ' Department of Economics, Faculty Building of Economics and Management, University of Girona, C. Universitat 10, 17003 Girona, Spain

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to shed light on the patterns of inbound open innovation practices of SMEs and to explore potential size and country specificities. We base the analysis on data provided by three waves of the Eurostat Community Innovation Survey (CIS) for Spanish and Portuguese firms. The study identifies five innovation clusters with different openness profiles: closed innovators, absorbers of specialised knowledge, acquirers, co-operators and absorbers of industry knowledge. We find no substantial differences between small and medium-sized firms with regards to their innovation profiles, but there are substantial differences between the profiles of Spanish and Portuguese firms and the trends in said profiles. Portuguese firms increasingly rely on technology acquisition and Spanish firms on public institutions. These results could help shape national policy on intellectual property and public research systems, among others.

Keywords: cluster analysis; SMEs; inbound open innovation; innovation activities; innovation policy; Spain; Portugal; Community Innovation Survey; CIS.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEIM.2020.105281

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2020 Vol.24 No.1, pp.73 - 96

Accepted: 07 Feb 2018
Published online: 13 Feb 2020 *

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