Authors: Ghassan Adham Al-Dulaimi
Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Philadelphia University, P.O. Box 19392, Amman, Jordan
Abstract: Traditional hydrological analysis used maps and ground survey as tools to obtain the basic parameters of the watershed. However, for large catchment area the above criteria are both costly and time consuming. In this research, a hydrological model modified natural resources conservation service curve number (NRCS-CN) and geographical information system GIS technique are used together to obtain the runoff depth for Sulak catchment area that located in the northern western part of Iraq. The basin divided into three sub-basins, runoff has been estimate for each sub-basin by three approaches. The research detect that the slope parameter affects runoff estimation significantly also its found that for each sub-watershed runoff varies drastically from sub-watershed to sub-watershed of Sulak basin. The analysis of variance test showed that there was significant difference between each curve number value for each sub-watershed, accordingly runoff calculated by Williams method gives valves above the average comparing with other methods. Total runoff estimated by three approaches for entire catchment area which shows that around 51% of total runoff is generated in months January and February, That because of heavy rainfall and high soil moisture content (antecedent moisture content AMC-III) during that period.
Keywords: Sulak catchment area; runoff; modified curve number method; GIS technique.
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 2020 Vol.10 No.1, pp.38 - 51
Received: 23 Oct 2017
Accepted: 01 Apr 2018
Published online: 10 Feb 2020 *