Authors: Maha Alsabbagh
Addresses: Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Arabian Gulf University, P.O. Box 26671, Bahrain
Abstract: The term sustainable transport first appeared in the literature over two decades ago. An extensive literature has subsequently evolved, ranging from attempts to clarify the concept to explorations of its actual implementation worldwide. Yet, structured approaches for achieving sustainable transport in developing countries, where data are limited, remain rare. This paper presents a pragmatic methodological framework for adopting sustainable transport measures related to passenger cars in Bahrain. The proposed assessment process comprises four steps: analysing the current state, identifying potential measures, assessing these measures, and aggregating the results. The analysis revealed that while achieving sustainable transport in Bahrain is feasible using regulatory and economic measures, fiscal incentives to car technologies may be required to ensure public acceptance. While the focus of this paper is on Bahrain, the proposed methodology is readily applicable to other countries where data are limited.
Keywords: climate change; content analysis; cost-benefit analysis; CBA; driving forces-pressure-state-impact-response; DPSIR; energy modelling; multi-criteria analysis; MCA; passenger cars; probabilistic analysis; scenarios; stakeholder analysis; sustainability.
International Journal of Global Warming, 2020 Vol.20 No.1, pp.37 - 60
Received: 17 May 2019
Accepted: 16 Jul 2019
Published online: 23 Jan 2020 *