Title: Measurement of optical properties and thermal diffusivity of vanadium dioxide nano-solution using thermal lens effect

Authors: Hyun Woo Park; Soo Yeol Jeong; Yeon Suk Choi; Sok Won Kim

Addresses: Department of Physics, University of Ulsan, Daehak-ro, Nam-gu, Ulsan, 93, South Korea ' Department of Thermophysical Laboratory, Korea Basic Science Institute, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 169-148, South Korea ' Department of Division of Scientific Instrument, Korea Basic Science Institute, Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 169-148, South Korea ' Department of Physics, University of Ulsan, Daehak-ro, Nam-gu, Ulsan, 93, South Korea

Abstract: The nonlinear optical coefficients (absorption and refractive index) and the thermal diffusivity of vanadium dioxide (VO2) solution were measured using the z-scan method and the thermal lens effect (TLE), respectively. A diode-pumped solid state (DPSS) laser with a wavelength of 532 nm and an intensity of 20 mW was used as light and heat source. The 50-nm-diameter spheres of VO2 were dispersed into ethylene glycol to make a 0.03% nano-solution. The obtained nonlinear absorption coefficient and the nonlinear refractive index at room temperature were 0.0068 m/W and 3.56 × 10−12 m2/W, respectively. As the temperature was increased from room temperature to 65°C, the thermal diffusivity was decreased from 0.103 × 10−6 to 0.044 × 10−6 m2/s. Subsequently, the diffusivity began to increase up to 0.066 × 10−6 m2/s at 75°C. Because of the low VO2 concentration, the obtained nonlinear coefficients were lower than those of other nano-solutions. The change in thermal diffusivity was caused by the phase transition at about 68°C, which is known as the metal-insulator transition (MIT) phenomenon of VO2.

Keywords: thermal lens; thermal diffusivity; vanadium dioxide; Z-scan; nonlinear optical properties; nanofluid; ethylene glycol.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2019.104465

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2019 Vol.16 No.4/5, pp.220 - 227

Published online: 03 Jan 2020 *

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