Authors: Liang-Hung Lin; Yu-Ling Ho; Tai-Yu Lee; Wei-Hsin Eugenia Lin
Addresses: Department of International Business, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, 415 Chien Kung Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan ' Center for General Education, National Taitung Jr. College, 95045, Taiwan ' Department of International Business, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, 415 Chien Kung Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan ' European Business Administration, Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, 01600, Finland
Abstract: This study explores the differences between male and female employees in individual creativity and personal playfulness. Findings of this study showed that male employees have more personal playfulness than female employees, whereas female employees who received higher education and have more support from their husband tend to show higher levels of personal playfulness and creativity. Moreover, personal playfulness can increase employee creativity and such increase differs between male and female employees. By considering playfulness in the workplace as a personality trait, this study therefore contributes to the existing literature of human resource development.
Keywords: gender; playfulness; creativity; human resource development; Gender difference; adult playfulness; adult creativity; playfulness at workplace; human resource development.
International Journal of Happiness and Development, 2019 Vol.5 No.4, pp.328 - 341
Received: 12 Mar 2019
Accepted: 03 Sep 2019
Published online: 06 Jan 2020 *