Title: Morphological component analysis based on mixed dictionary for signal denoising of ground penetrating radar

Authors: Jianhua Zhang; Haohao Zhang; Yang Li; Xueli Wu

Addresses: Hebei Provincial Research Center for Technologies in Process Engineering Automation Shijiazhuang, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Hebei, 050018, China ' Hebei University of Science and Technology, Hebei, Shijiazhuang, 050018, China ' Hebei Provincial Research Center for Technologies in Process Engineering Automation Shijiazhuang, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Hebei, 050018, China ' Hebei Provincial Research Center for Technologies in Process Engineering Automation Shijiazhuang, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Hebei, 050018, China

Abstract: Forward modelling is applied to simulate the ground penetrating radar (GPR) detection environment, and a modified morphological component analysis (MCA) algorithm is applied to GPR signal denoising. Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method is used to perform finite difference approximation to the space and time derivatives of Maxwell's equations. Under the forward simulation framework, the MCA algorithm applies a sparse dictionary to decompose the GPR signal. However, clutter is not represented as there is no corresponding sparse dictionary, the clutter is removed when the signal is reconstructed. The core of the MCA is to select a suitable dictionary. The combination of undecimated discrete wavelet transform (UDWT) dictionary and curvelet transform dictionary(CURVELET) is selected. The improved MCA algorithm is compared with singular value decomposition (SVD) and principal component analysis (PCA), to confirm the high performance of the proposed algorithm.

Keywords: finite-difference time-domain; FDTD; signal processing; morphological component analysis; MCA; undecimated discrete wavelet transform; UDWT; CURVELET; ground penetrating radar; GPR.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSPM.2019.104118

International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling, 2019 Vol.14 No.5, pp.431 - 441

Received: 01 Oct 2018
Accepted: 12 Jan 2019

Published online: 09 Dec 2019 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article