Title: Noise exposure to tractor drivers in field operations

Authors: Lalremruata; K.N. Dewangan; T. Patel

Addresses: Department of Agricultural Engineering, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST), Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh-791109, India ' Department of Agricultural Engineering, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST), Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh-791109, India ' Department of Agricultural Engineering, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST), Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh-791109, India

Abstract: Equivalent sound pressure level (Leq) at the tractor drivers' ear level was assessed in tillage operations. Measurements were performed on six models of tractors attached with five different tillage implements namely mould board plough, disc plough, rotavator, disk harrow and duck foot cultivator and operated at three different forward speeds. Noise exposure to the drivers was compared with the permissible exposure limits (PELs) in OSHA (1983) and NIOSH (1998). The results showed that noise intensity at the drivers' ear level varied between 91.7 and 97.5 dB(A). Increase in tractor forward speed increased noise intensity. Noise exposure was considerably higher with rotavator as compared with other tillage implements, while noise exposure was comparable in other tillage implements. Noise exposure to the tractors drivers exceeded the PELs for 8 h operation. According to PELs in OSHA and NIOSH, the tractors should be operated nearly 2 and 7 h, respectively.

Keywords: sound pressure level; noise intensity; noise spectrum; tillage implement; permissible exposure limits.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVP.2019.104085

International Journal of Vehicle Performance, 2019 Vol.5 No.4, pp.430 - 442

Received: 27 Feb 2018
Accepted: 11 Jun 2018

Published online: 10 Dec 2019 *

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