Title: National culture as a moderator in ambidexterity-performance relationships: a meta-analysis

Authors: Eunah Lim; Nelson Santos António

Addresses: ISCTE-IUL, Av. Das Forcas Armadas, 1649-026, Lisbon, Portugal ' ISCTE-IUL, Av. Das Forcas Armadas, 1649-026, Lisbon, Portugal

Abstract: This meta-analysis uses 44 existing studies conducted in single-nation contexts (k = 44), constituting an aggregated sample of 20,886 observations (N = 20,886), to assess the potential moderating role of national culture on organisational ambidexterity-performance relationships. The results indicate an overall positive ambidexterity-performance link, which is stronger in countries with low levels of institutional collectivism, high levels of in-group collectivism, low levels of future orientation, low levels of performance orientation, and low levels of uncertainty avoidance. Additionally, counter to expectation, results suggest that the ambidexterity-performance relationship is stronger in countries with high levels of power distance.

Keywords: ambidexterity; meta-analysis; national culture; exploration; exploitation; organisational learning; performance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIR.2020.104036

International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 2020 Vol.21 No.1, pp.128 - 149

Accepted: 24 Jun 2018
Published online: 06 Dec 2019 *

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