Title: FDI drivers and establishment mode choice of emerging-market MNEs: the role of state ownership

Authors: Diego Quer; Laura Rienda; Rosario Andreu

Addresses: Department of Management, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain ' Department of Management, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain ' Department of Management, University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain

Abstract: Drawing on an institutional perspective, this study analyses how state ownership affects the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) drivers and establishment mode choice of emerging-market multinational enterprises (EMNEs). We argue that state-owned EMNEs encounter stronger institutional pressures in technology- and natural resource-rich countries derived from concerns about takeovers of local companies. Moreover, in low-growth markets, state-owned EMNEs do not always behave as pure profit-maximisers since they are usually subject to home government institutional influences and pursue policy goals. For these reasons, we hypothesise that their choice between acquisitions and greenfield investments differs from that of privately-owned EMNEs. Our analysis of 643 FDIs undertaken by Chinese companies confirms that state-owned EMNEs are less likely to choose acquisitions in host countries with a higher technology and natural resource endowment. However, the relationship between host market growth and establishment mode is not influenced by state ownership.

Keywords: establishment mode; EMNEs; FDI drivers; state ownership.

DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2020.103805

European Journal of International Management, 2020 Vol.14 No.1, pp.144 - 172

Received: 09 Sep 2017
Accepted: 20 Mar 2018

Published online: 04 Nov 2019 *

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