Title: Reducing water shortage crisis through rainwater reuse: lessons learned from ancient toward integrated technology

Authors: Saeid Okhravi; Saeid Eslamian; Nicolas R. Dalezios

Addresses: Department of Water Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, 65178-38695, Hamadan, Iran ' Department of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, 8415683111, Isfahan, Iran ' Department of Civil Engineering, University of Thessaly, Volos 38334, Greece

Abstract: The quantity of freshwater available per person in the world has been proceeded to decrease due to a combination of factors, including population increase, water pollution, inadequate planning and management of transboundary water, and inefficient operation of water supply and distribution systems. There is a direct water source to cease increasing potential for water scarcity, crisis and associated conflicts around the world in the future called rainwater harvesting that is an ancient technique enjoying a revival in popularity due to the inherent quality of rainwater and interest in reducing consumption of treated water. Rainwater harvesting is included as an innovative site design strategy to minimise runoff based on LID practices. The present study on literature attempts to offer a comprehensive account of the above issues and also some important guidelines for advancing research in this direction. Assessments of past, present and future statuses of the world's water are reviewed.

Keywords: climate change; low impact development; LID; rainwater harvesting; RWH; stormwater management; water crisis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHST.2019.103417

International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 2019 Vol.9 No.6, pp.587 - 602

Received: 04 Oct 2016
Accepted: 15 Apr 2017

Published online: 04 Nov 2019 *

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