Open Access Article

Title: Environmental scan and issue awareness: risk management challenges for CCS

Authors: William Leiss; Daniel Krewski

Addresses: McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Room 216A, 600 Peter Morand Crescent, Ottawa, K1G 5Z3, Ontario, Canada ' McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Room 216A, 600 Peter Morand Crescent, Ottawa, K1G 5Z3, Ontario, Canada; Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, K1H 8M5, ON, Canada; Risk Sciences International, 55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 700, Ottawa, K1P 6L5, ON, Canada

Abstract: Long lists of issues relevant to carbon capture and storage projects have been provided in a number of sources, encompassing the broad categories of technological risks, health and environmental risks and societal risks. From these long lists a selection of ten major issues, broken down into three broad categories, has been made. The selected issues are: 1) government and industry factors (competent regulatory oversight; adequate risk assessment and risk management frameworks; and supportive public policy architecture); 2) environmental risk factors (adequate site-specific characterisations of geological formations for CCS storage sites worldwide; credible monitoring of storage site performance; and the possibility of leaking from storage); 3) socio-economic factors (tolerable economic costs; public perceptions of risks and benefits; information provision, effective communication and stakeholder engagement; and social and public acceptability, including the use of decision support mechanisms). The paper emphasises that what is unique about carbon capture and storage, considered as a major set of risk issues of global proportions, is how proactively these relevant major risks and risk factors have been identified and characterised by major institutional actors, especially industry and governments.

Keywords: issue awareness; environmental scan; risk management; environmental risks; government; industry; socio-economic factors.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRAM.2019.103340

International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 2019 Vol.22 No.3/4, pp.234 - 253

Available online: 25 Oct 2019 *