Open Access Article

Title: An integrated risk assessment and management framework for carbon capture and storage: a Canadian perspective

Authors: Patricia Larkin; William Leiss; Joseph Arvai; Maurice Dusseault; Mamadou Fall; Robert Gracie; Anthony Heyes; Daniel Krewski

Addresses: McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Room 216A, 600 Peter Morand Crescent, Ottawa, K1G 5Z3, Ontario, Canada ' McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Room 216A, 600 Peter Morand Crescent, Ottawa, K1G 5Z3, Ontario, Canada ' Ross School of Business, University of Michigan, 701 Tappan Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA ' Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, EIT-2043, Waterloo, N2L 3G1, Ontario, Canada ' Faculty of Engineering, University of Ottawa, CBY A016, 161 Louis Pasteur, Ottawa, K1N 6N5, Ontario, Canada ' Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Room E2-2321, Waterloo, N2L 3G1, Ontario, Canada ' Department of Economics, University of Ottawa, 120 University (9029), Ottawa, K1N 6N5, Ontario, Canada ' McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Room 216A, 600 Peter Morand Crescent, Ottawa, K1G 5Z3, Ontario, Canada

Abstract: This concluding paper of the Special Issue on carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the Canadian context provides a brief overview of the findings from all contributions, followed by a description of the Canadian policy and regulatory backdrop for CCS at both the federal and provincial levels in active jurisdictions. An integrated risk management framework (IRMF) is proposed with reference to environmental and human health risk assessment and risk management frameworks published worldwide as well as risk management demonstrated in large scale Canadian CCS projects to date. Key features of the IRMF are the ten-step rational and transparent process, options to engage with and integrate wide-ranging government and non-government stakeholders on an ongoing basis, and incorporation of independent external review. The next generation of risk-based decision making is then applied to the IRMF for CCS.

Keywords: carbon capture and storage; risk assessment; risk management; Canada; framework; health; environment; injection; storage; policy context.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRAM.2019.103336

International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 2019 Vol.22 No.3/4, pp.464 - 508

Available online: 25 Oct 2019 *