Title: Impact of river erosion on livelihood and coping strategies of displaced people in South-Eastern Bangladesh

Authors: Prabal Barua; Syed Hafizur Rahman; Morshed Hossan Molla

Addresses: Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh ' Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh ' Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh

Abstract: Bangladesh is situated in riverine and deltaic region in South Asia where riverbank erosion is a catastrophic climate induced disaster in Bangladesh. The present study has been undertaken to investigate the impact of riverbank erosion on lives and livelihoods of the displaced people in the South-Eastern Bangladesh. Both quantitative and qualitative data have been used through in-depth interviews, focus group discussion and questionnaire survey. The study reveals that riverbank erosion is addressing displacement, hidden hunger and poverty, loss of land and identity of coastal people. Besides, displaced persons face social, economic, cultural stigma in their community. People have used different types of indigenous knowledge to reduce the sufferings of the affected people. The findings of this study are vital for policymakers to articulate and implement effective approaches and programs to reduce vulnerability and to increase the local adaptation processes in order to improve such households' livelihood all over Bangladesh.

Keywords: riverbank erosion; displaced people; coastal people; indigenous knowledge; Bangladesh.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMRM.2019.103275

International Journal of Migration and Residential Mobility, 2019 Vol.2 No.1, pp.34 - 55

Received: 23 May 2018
Accepted: 02 Nov 2018

Published online: 22 Oct 2019 *

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