Title: A review of autonomous vehicle technology landscape

Authors: Kavya P. Divakarla; Ali Emadi; Saiedeh Razavi; Saeid Habibi; Fengjun Yan

Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L7, Canada ' Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L7, Canada ' Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L7, Canada ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L7, Canada ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L7, Canada

Abstract: The automotive industry is seen to be making a monumental paradigm shift from manual to semi-autonomous to fully autonomous vehicles. As such, this paper attempts to offer an overview of some of the major aspects associated with an autonomous vehicle. The demand for autonomous vehicles has grown tremendously with the increasing number of road accidents caused due to driver distraction. Based on the level of autonomy within vehicles, it is possible to either have autonomous systems that will just assist the driver for safe operation of the vehicle or could take over the complete control of the vehicle. Autonomous vehicles seem to have numerous advantages for road safety, traffic optimisation, military or medical applications where only minimal human intervention is desirable and so on. This paper attempts to highlight the vast majority of vital and most relevant topics emerging in the field of autonomous vehicle technology.

Keywords: advanced driver assistance system; autonomous vehicles; close-loop control systems; intelligent decision making and sensors.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2019.102877

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 2019 Vol.11 No.4, pp.320 - 345

Received: 18 Dec 2018
Accepted: 21 Mar 2019

Published online: 27 Sep 2019 *

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