Authors: Adnane Houbbadi; Rochdi Trigui; Serge Pelissier; Eduardo Redondo-Iglesias; Tanguy Bouton
Addresses: Univ Lyon, IFSTTAR, AME, ECO7, F-69675, Lyon, France ' Univ Lyon, IFSTTAR, AME, ECO7, F-69675, Lyon, France ' Univ Lyon, IFSTTAR, AME, ECO7, F-69675, Lyon, France ' Univ Lyon, IFSTTAR, AME, ECO7, F-69675, Lyon, France ' TRANSDEV Group Headquarters, 3 Allee de Grenelle, 92442 Issy Les Moulineaux, France
Abstract: The use of electric buses (EBs) is expected to increase significantly in the coming years. Uncontrolled charging of EBs can affect not only the power grid (grid instability, harmonic pollution) but also the operating cost. This paper introduces an optimal charging strategy based on charging schedule planning and modulation of charging power for a fleet of electrical-powered buses. The optimal charging strategy allows minimising the charging cost as well as the load power variations using quadratic programming. The proposed quadratic programming can significantly reduce the computation time and simultaneously handle a large bus fleet. First results indicate a significant reduction in customer energy bills while avoiding potential penalties due to peak loads.
Keywords: electric bus fleet; optimisation; quadratic programming; charging infrastructure; electric vehicle supply equipment.
International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 2019 Vol.11 No.4, pp.289 - 307
Received: 26 Oct 2018
Accepted: 19 Mar 2019
Published online: 27 Sep 2019 *