Title: Evidence of a glocal marketing strategy: a case study in the Brazilian telecommunication market
Authors: Paulo Duarte; Viviane Yamasaki; Thelma Valéria Rocha; Susana Costa e Silva
Addresses: NECE – Research Centre in Business Sciences, Management and Economics Department, University of Beira Interior, Estrada do Sineiro, Edifício Ernesto Cruz, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal ' Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing (ESPM/SP), Rua Dr. Álvaro Alvim, 123, Vila Mariana, 04015-013 São Paulo/SP, Brazil ' Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing (ESPM/SP), Rua Dr. Álvaro Alvim, 123, Vila Mariana, 04015-013 São Paulo/SP, Brazil ' Católica Porto Business School, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Rua Diogo Botelho, 1327, 4169-005 Porto, Portugal
Abstract: This article is devoted to analyse and discuss the level of control and autonomy that multinational enterprises (MNEs) should grant to their subsidiaries. It analyse the impact of subsidiaries' capacity to innovate and develop new products and services to the Brazilian telecommunications market, based on the case-study of Telefónica business, a subsidiary of Telefónica, a Spanish multinational communication company. The Lasserre's global integration/local responsiveness framework was applied to the data obtained from face-to-face in-depth structured interviews with key actors in Telefónica business (TNB) to investigate the relationship between global integration strategy and local adaptation in the Brazilian telecommunications market. The results show that Telefónica uses a glocal approach since its subsidiary has the autonomy to create and adapt its products when the headquarters recognise that global decisions might not meet local demands. By showing that Telefónica has successfully used a glocal approach on the Brazilian market, as its subsidiary had the autonomy to create and adapt products when global company products might not meet local demands, this study is useful for other multinational companies when going to new markets.
Keywords: telecommunications; globalisation; localisation; glocal strategy; subsidiaries; multinational enterprises; MNEs; product adaptation: Telefónica; Brazil; South America; market strategy; internationalisation.
International Journal of Business Excellence, 2019 Vol.19 No.3, pp.364 - 380
Received: 19 Oct 2017
Accepted: 19 Jul 2018
Published online: 24 Sep 2019 *