Title: Base station placement optimisation using genetic algorithms approach

Authors: Ouamri Mohamed Amine; Abdelkrim Khireddine

Addresses: Faculté de Technologie, Laboratoire de Génie Electrique, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria ' Faculté de Technologie, Laboratoire de Génie Electrique, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria

Abstract: The base station (BS) placement, or planning cell problem, involves choosing the position and infrastructure configuration for cellular networks. This problem is considered to be a mathematical optimisation problem and will be optimised in our study using genetic algorithms. The various parameters such as site coordinates (x, y), transmitting power, height and tilt are taken as design parameters for BS placement. This paper takes signal coverage, interference and cost as objective functions and handover, traffic demand and overlap as a very important constraint. Receiving field strength testing services for all items is calculated using simulations and path loss is calculated using Hata model. Assuming that a flat area is considered, the performance of the proposed algorithm was evaluated with 97% of the users in the network being covered with a good quality signal.

Keywords: base station; network planning; antenna; propagation model; genetic algorithms; weighted sum method; WSM.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCAET.2019.102495

International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2019 Vol.11 No.6, pp.635 - 652

Received: 09 Jan 2017
Accepted: 09 May 2017

Published online: 04 Jul 2019 *

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