Title: Reviewing the challenges of port authority business model innovation

Authors: Louise B. Kringelum

Addresses: Department of Business and Management, Aalborg University, Fibigerstraede 2, 9220 Aalborg Ø, Denmark

Abstract: The port industry is in a state of flux which is affecting the roles of port authorities. Applying a business model perspective to explore this qualitative shift in competition, this paper argues that port authorities are increasingly managing multiple multisided business models. This is analysed through an integrative review of port research which identifies four challenges for port authorities: 1) diversification of port customers; 2) requirements for new value creation; 3) changing possibilities and constraints of value capture; and 4) network effects, clusters and strategic partnerships. The review contributes to literature by exploring how managing port authority business model innovation requires changing the underlying business logic, the activities and resources and the configurational fit with other port actors' business models. This proposition is based on the interplay between the macro level port industry, the meso level rule structures within port systems and the micro level of port authority organisations.

Keywords: port authority; business model; business model innovation; diversification; value creation; value capture; network effects; clusters; strategic partnerships; business logic; configurational fit; macro; meso; micro.

DOI: 10.1504/WRITR.2019.102371

World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research, 2019 Vol.8 No.3, pp.265 - 291

Received: 10 Jun 2018
Accepted: 14 Jan 2019

Published online: 23 Sep 2019 *

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