Title: Evaluating the performance of asynchronous MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks

Authors: Abdelmalek Bengheni; Fedoua Didi

Addresses: Laboratory of Research in Informatics of Tlemcen (LRIT), Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, New University Pole Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen, Tlemcen 13000, Mansourah, Algeria; Faculty of Math/CS, Ibn Khaldoun, Tiaret University PB78, 14000 Zaaroura, Tiaret, Algeria ' Laboratory of Research in Informatics of Tlemcen (LRIT), Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, New University Pole Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen, Tlemcen 13000, Mansourah, Algeria

Abstract: In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), MAC protocols for duty-cycling can be classified into two categories: synchronous and asynchronous MAC protocols. Synchronous protocols make use of synchronised sleep-wake schedules to improve on data delivery rates. On the other hand, asynchronous protocols do not need to synchronise their sleep-wake schedules. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the performance of an experimental WSN using two different asynchronous MAC protocol types; the first uses the preamble frame transmission such as B-MAC and X-MAC and the other type is based on beaconing paradigm that uses the beacon frame transmission as RI-MAC. In this experiment, we use OMNeT++/MiXiM network simulator to create WSN and then evaluate its performance in terms of the packet delivery ratio, mean latency and energy consumption. The simulation results show that RI-MAC performs better than X-MAC and B-MAC while the X-MAC is ranked second best before B-MAC.

Keywords: performance; WSN; wireless sensor network; asynchronous MAC protocols; OMNeT++; MiXiM.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWMC.2019.102254

International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2019 Vol.17 No.3, pp.245 - 257

Accepted: 06 May 2019
Published online: 05 Sep 2019 *

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