Title: Comparative analysis of scarf-type adhesively bonded and hand lay-up repairs of impacted GFRP composites

Authors: Ermias G. Koricho; Anton Khomenko; Oleksii Karpenko; Mahmoodul Haq; Gary L. Cloud

Addresses: Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458, USA ' General Photonics, a Luna Innovations Company, 14351 Pipeline Avenue, Chino, CA 91710, USA ' Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA ' Civil Engineering, Room 3546 Engineering, 428 S. Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA ' Mechanical Engineering, Michigan State University, Composite Vehicle Research Center, 2227 Alliance Drive, Lansing, MI 48910, USA

Abstract: In this paper two types of repair methods were considered: adhesively bonded and hand lay-up scarf-type patches. The performance of both repair techniques applied to impacted/damaged glass fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP) laminates was assessed under tensile and three-point bending tests. In the hand lay-up patches, two types of resins, namely unmodified and nano-modified resins were used to evaluate their effects on the flexural strength and failure modes of the repaired composite specimens. The damage was assessed using visual observation, active IR thermography, ultrasonic testing, and optical transmittance scanning techniques at different stages. Results indicate that, depending on the type of repair and nano-filler used, the flexural properties of the repaired composite specimen exhibited significant improvements. The choice of repair method would vary depending on the desired application along with accessibility to the damaged area. Overall, repair of composites allows considerable economic benefits over the replacement of an entire structural component.

Keywords: repair; nanofillers; composite; non-destructive evaluation; adhesive.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAUTOC.2019.10023705

International Journal of Automotive Composites, 2019 Vol.4 No.2, pp.114 - 136

Received: 19 Feb 2019
Accepted: 01 Apr 2019

Published online: 05 Sep 2019 *

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