Title: End of fossil fuel economy: weathering the storm of transition to post-fossil society in Nigeria

Authors: Augustine I. Sadiq Okoh

Addresses: Department of Political Science, Benue State University, P.M.B. 102119, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

Abstract: Nigerian economy built on petroleum faces a carbon catch-22. Exit from fossil fuels in proliferation of electric vehicles is inevitable hence will impede Vision 20: 2020 and Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP). Despite this, there is no concrete fossil fuel exit strategy (FES) to surmount the gathering storm when the petroleum bubble burst. Using quantitative date, the study finds that power generation would be reliant on fossil fuels due to its cost effectiveness in the advent of FES imposed availability. Hence holistic smart energy system; large-scale biomass production targeted at feedstock exports, improvements in agriculture, massive renewable energy generation in wind, solar, hydropower and increased off-grid power generation would reinvigorate the economy in the post-carbon era. The study concludes that large-scale bamboo cultivation can provide energy and generate additional income with the private sector providing new investments in other renewables capable of leveraging enormous natural resources to generate revenue.

Keywords: low-carbon growth; clean energy transition; oil age; bamboo; fossil-fuel exit; biomass economy; sustainable development; green economy; post-fossil society; renewable energy; natural resources; post-petroleum society; Nigeria.

DOI: 10.1504/WRSTSD.2019.10023630

World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 2019 Vol.15 No.3, pp.197 - 213

Received: 15 Nov 2018
Accepted: 24 Nov 2018

Published online: 03 Sep 2019 *

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