Title: Predictable consequences of climate change for varieties of strawberry plants grown in Morocco
Authors: Mohammed Ezziyyani; Ahlem Hamdache; Mostafa Ezziyyani; Loubna Cherrat
Addresses: Department of Life Sciences, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Larache, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, 745 Poste Principale, 92004, Larache, Morocco ' Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences of Tetouan, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Avenue of Sebta, Mhannech II, 93002, Morocco ' Department of Computer Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Ancienne Route de l'Aéroport, Km 10, Ziaten, B.P. 416 Tangier, Morocco ' Department of Computer Sciences, ENCG Tangier, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, B.P. 1255 Tangier Principal, Morocco
Abstract: The cultivation of strawberry in Morocco has developed remarkably during the last 20 years. During the 2016-2017 crop year, this crop covers 3,050 hectares of land, including 180,378,742 strawberry plants imported from various varieties: Sabrina, San Andreas, Fortuna, Festival, Camarosa, Splendor and others. The period from 1990 to 2010, the dominant varieties that were grown are Chandler, OsoGrande and especially Camarosa and this thanks to its very high productivity, profitability, precocity, quality and adaptation to agroclimatic conditions of the perimeter of Luokkos. Moreover, from 2010, the Californian variety Camarosa (and others) experienced a dramatic decline. Farmers had lost patience because of low yields (very low productivity < 500 g/plant) and doubts were starting about the choice of the variety. This upset the choice of the distribution of varieties of strawberry plants imported in 2017. Today, many varieties are disappearing Moroccan producers, the choice being dictated by the production objectives.
Keywords: climate change; strawberry; interannual variability; production; adaptation; Sabrina; San Andreas; Fortuna; Festival; Camarosa; Splendor; Loukkous; Morocco.
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics, 2019 Vol.5 No.2/3, pp.97 - 111
Received: 15 Nov 2018
Accepted: 12 Feb 2019
Published online: 13 Aug 2019 *