Title: Long-distance delivery route planning using a commercial electric vehicle including the arrangement of charging stations

Authors: Masato Takanokura; Daisuke Kitayama; Ryo Tamura; Mitsuharu Ogiya

Addresses: Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, Yokohama, 221-8686, Japan ' Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, Yokohama, 221-8686, Japan ' Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, Yokohama, 221-8686, Japan ' Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, Yokohama, 221-8686, Japan

Abstract: The electric vehicle (EV) is a key factor in achieving building smart cities. In this study, long-distance delivery route planning is performed with a commercial EV including the arrangement of charging stations. The EV delivers some goods through the motorway for approximately 500-700 km. The EV is recharged at a service or parking area on the motorway by a recharging station if it cannot travel to the next one. Two delivery patterns are considered so that the EV is required to activities at a distribution point. The shortest path is calculated using the Dijkstra method. Three performance indexes are considered. The EV should recharge four or five times during its delivery activity, leading to a longer delivery time. However, carbon dioxide emissions and delivery activity costs are lower than gasoline vehicles. This result indicates that the EV is a powerful tool to achieve smart cities for long-distance delivery.

Keywords: motorway logistics; carbon dioxide emissions; delivery activity costs; delivery time; case study.

DOI: 10.1504/AJMSA.2019.101406

Asian Journal of Management Science and Applications, 2019 Vol.4 No.1, pp.15 - 26

Available online: 01 Aug 2019 *

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